Bermuda History and Facts
In 1511, the Spanish historian Peter Martyr in his publication Legatio Babylonica mentioned about the Spanish explorer Juan de Bermudez who discovered Bermuda.
But very little is known even about this discovery. Bermuda's real history started only in 1609 when a group of colonists landed ashore after their ship got wrecked at a nearby reef.
In 1609, Admiral Sir George Somers had set sail with a fleet of nine ships from Plymouth of England towards the new English colony Jamestown of Virginia. As the chief, Somers was aboard the flagship Sea Venture along with some 150 sailors and settlers, and a dog.
The fleet was caught in a severe storm on the way and the flagship Sea Venture got separated from the remaining vessels. After a long struggle, the sailors of Sea Venture were somehow able to notice the east-end reefs of Bermuda and were able to steer the ship towards the rocks.
The ship however got wrecked on the reefs, but all on board including the dog were able to come on shore safely.
Sculpture of George Somers in St. George
The survivors later built two new ships - The Deliverance and the Patience. The ships were constructed mainly from plenty of available Bermuda cedar and the materials stripped from the Sea Venture itself.
Having constructed the two new vessels, all of them set sail again for Jamestown after 10 months. But Somers left behind two volunteers so that the British claim on the island could be maintained.
And Bermuda has been continuously inhabited since then. It is for this effort on part of George Somers that the original name of Bermuda was given Somers Isle which continues to be used as an alternative name for the island.
So what happened after George Somers and his men finally reached Jamestown?
There was actually another disaster awaiting there. On reaching Jamestown they found out that almost the entire population of this new colony who reached there earlier had died out of starvation.
There were some 500 English settlers who arrived by ship before them and only 60 of them were still surviving, and most of the survivors were either sick or dying.
The food that the Sea Venture settlers had brought earlier were mainly pork meet. They found a lot of wild pigs in Bermuda. So how did pigs come to Bermuda? It is said that the previous visitors to the island had left these pigs to breed so that they could be a ready supply of food for passing ships, in case of emergency. This episode of Bermuda pigs had a long lasting impact in Bermuda and got referred later even in their currencies as "Bermuda Hogs".
Somers returned to Bermuda later to get some more food supplies for Jamestown settlers. But he fell sick and died in Bermuda.
In 1612 for the first time a group of settlers were sent to Bermuda by the Virginia Company of England to begin the official settlement in the island. But Bermudians still consider the year 1609 when George Somers and his men landed, as the beginning of Bermuda's history. And in 2010 they celebrated the 400th anniversary of the island (1609 - 2009).
In 1620 Bermuda became a self governing colony, although it continued to struggle for seven decades thereafter to make a viable economy. Find out how this colony was formed and how the administration was run in Bermuda.
Bermuda has a history of slavery for over 200 years. The first slaves were brought into Bermuda in 1620s soon after the colony was formed. They were mostly African blacks and native Americans. Find out all about slavery in Bermuda.
Do you know that during Victorian time, wealthy fathers used to come from North America to Bermuda. They would look for eligible bachelors working with navy or military to whom they could marry their daughters. Read this interesting story.
Bermuda's first historical event dates back to 1511 when the Spanish captain Juan de Bermudez first arrived and the island was thus named. Know all the significant historical events of Bermuda.
Know all about people of Bermuda, population, language, art, culture, sports and more.
Here is a tribute to prominent Bermudians who made great contributions to the people of Bermuda by bringing in change or by their sheer influence & unique lifestyle. Many of them have gone unrecognized and have been fading away with time. This is an effort to lock in the memory of those heroes and unique characters who the Bermudians have always loved.
Here is all about Economy of Bermuda, industries including International Business and Tourism, living styles, jobs, products & services and lot more.
Know about constitution of Bermuda - election, governance, affiliations, membership to organizations and more.
Bermuda International Business: Bermuda is not only a tax haven, but also provides a perfect platform for businesses to flourish. Here is a review of why international companies are increasingly setting up offshore businesses in Bermuda, and how it impacts the economy of the island.
This is a list of Bermuda Premiers who have run the Bermuda Government as the leaders of their party, their early life and political careers. The list starts from 1960s when the first independent government was constituted in the island.
Bermuda is not a single island, rather a string of 180 islands. Some are inhabited and only few are joined to the main island of Bermuda by bridges and causeways. This link will tell you all about the island of Bermuda including how it was formed, how it looks, vegetation, and much more.
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