Theories Behind Bermuda Triangle
Explaining the causes of disappearances
Howard, an expert on Bermuda Triangle, claims that more than 50 ships and 20 planes have disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle over the last century itself, and more than 1000 over the past 500 years. So how did the planes and ships disappear? What went wrong?
Actually there is no single theory that can explain all disappearances. The planes and ships have been victims to different circumstances & situations while cruising over the vast triangle area and were in different physical locations. And therefore there are several theories that explain the different incidents of missing ships and planes. Some incidents of course remained unexplained and therefore had been subjected to speculations of experts and even imaginations of various novelists.
Here are the most powerful theories that try to explain and solve the mysteries.
1. Methane Gas Theory
Large amount of methane gas is known to exist below the ocean floor trapped in the sediments in form of methane hydrates. If such gas finds its way out and starts rising through the water, it can significantly reduce the density of water in that area. And ships passing over that area can sink in no time. Such gas release can also create explosions and saturate the atmosphere with methane gas causing planes to crash.
2. The Sargasso Sea
Sargasso sea is a strange area within Bermuda Triangle that has no shores but bounded by ocean currents on all sides. This has been the trap for many sailing vessels in the past. Many sailing boats and ships are believed to have become completely motionless while passing through this area and later found in derelict conditions without a soul on them. Dense seaweed on water surface and exceptionally low winds have been the main cause of making vessels motionless in this area.
Check out Sargasso Sea
for more information about the incidents and their causes.
3. Hexagonal clouds forming Air Bombs
Scientists have noticed formation of strange hexagonal shaped clouds with straight edges on Bermuda Triangle. This is a strange and rare phenomena. Meteorologists confirm from other such formations of cloud at North Sea and evidences shown by satellite images that they are like air bombs. The air bombs can blast and send out winds to the ocean beneath at speeds of up to 170 miles per hour which can be dangerous for aircraft or ships passing through it.
Additionally such air bomb explosion can create gigantic waves as high as 45-foot and ocean surface wind of about 100 miles per hour which too can be extremely dangerous.
4. Electronic Fog: A Hutchison effect
It has been heard several times that ships and aircraft get engulfed in some kind of electronic fog and the fog keeps moving along with the ship or the plane. And eventually, all the electronic equipment and other instruments start malfunctioning. Then the ships and airplanes either disintegrate or disappear without a trace. Vancouver based scientist John Hutchison through his experiments has shown occurrence of Electronic Fog that causes some strange phenomena.
5. The Treacherous Underwater Reefs
The Bermuda Island, also known as the 'Isle of the devils', forms one corner of the triangle and is located about 650 miles off the east coast of the US. It is a well known fact that the island is almost completely ringed by numerous shipwrecks that lie at the ocean floor near its shores. In fact there are more than 300 ships that wrecked within 200 square miles of water area surrounding Bermuda.
So why the ocean floor here has become a ships' graveyard? The answer is known... there are numerous underwater reefs surrounding Bermuda that rise from the bottom of the sea and remain dangerously hidden under the water surface. Not too long ago the captains of the ships had to rely solely on compass and navigational charts (and some times on the position of the stars) to navigate through the sea to reach their destinations. And unknowingly when the ships passed over such hidden reefs, often the hulls of the ships were torn apart by treacherous reefs, sinking them in no time.
With advancement of technology and use of modern GPS systems, these reefs can now be spotted and avoided. Many of such wrecks today are famous sites for scuba diving. If you want to know about such shipwrecks and what have been actually found there, read Shipwrecks around Bermuda
6. The Whirlpools and the Blue Holes
A strange phenomenon has been noticed in Bahamas which is located at the western corner of Bermuda Triangle and about 50 miles off the coast of Florida. There are whirlpools here with very strong tidal currents flowing in and out of them. Any ships passing over them can easily get sucked in and into the endless depths here.
In fact such phenomena has been known to the natives here since ages and an ancient belief says there is an underwater monster that breathes in and out. During inhalation it can suck in human beings easily or even ships. However the real facts have now been known.
There are actually many Blue Holes in Bahamas water area... these are large underwater caves or cavities which have been formed through geological transformations. These bottle shaped caves that have their openings near the water surface can have depths of 100s of feet. The largest such Blue Hole in Bahamas (and second deepest in the world) is Dean's Blue Hole. It has a depth of 663ft.
Divers have discovered that deep below in the Blue Holes, there are many lateral tunnels that have originated from the walls of the blue hole (i.e. from walls of the main underwater cave) and they run for miles in different directions. Water flows in and out of these lateral tunnels during tide change and that actually causes the tidal currents on the ocean surface and the whirlpools. And these whirlpools can be extremely dangerous for ships passing over them or even near their edge.
7. Gulf Stream
The Gulf Stream is an ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico, and then moves through the Straits of Florida, into the North Atlantic and passes through Bermuda Triangle area. It is like a river with warm water within an ocean and can easily carry floating objects down its flow. A small plane making a water landing on the Gulf Stream or a boat having engine trouble will be easily carried away.
It actually happened to the Cabin Cruiser Witchcraft
on December 22, 1967, when it reported engine trouble near the Miami buoy marker one mile from shore, but was not there when a Coast Guard cutter arrived.
8. Compass Variation
Do you know that magnetic and absolute North are not the same. Which means that the north where a compass points and the absolute geographic north which is the north pole are different. So ships need to make adjustment for this difference to keep to the right direction. But in Bermuda Triangle, there is a narrow strip where both these North's become the same. Some claim that such Compass Variation could have been the cause for fatal accidents as ships failed to determine the correct direction.
9. Strange Weather & Hurricanes
At times there are violent storms in the Bermuda Triangle area. These short but intense storms can build up quickly and go away so fast that even a satellite can't detect them properly. But these storms are strong enough to destroy ships or planes completely. There are also waterspouts seen in this area. A waterspout is like a tornado at sea that sucks water from the ocean thousands of feet into the sky.
Hurricanes are extremely powerful swirling storms that sometimes appear in the Atlantic near the equator. They usually originate from south eastern Atlantic and pass through the Bermuda Triangle area towards the south eastern coast of the US. June to November is the time when possibility of such hurricane occurring is the most. Such hurricanes have historically been the cause for loss of many lives and extensive damage. The sinking of Francisco de Bobadilla's Spanish fleet in 1502 was the first recorded instance of such destructive hurricane. Hurricanes have in the past caused a number of fatal damages to the sailing vessels passing through the area.
10. Freak Waves
Very large waves can appear suddenly even in calm seas. One such rogue wave caused the Ocean Ranger, then the world's largest offshore platform to capsize in 1982. Research has shown that freak waves up to 30m high & capable of sinking a large ship within moments, can and do happen. Although these are very rare, in some areas ocean currents indicate that they happen more often than normal.
11. Unusual Seafloor
The seafloor in Bermuda Triangle area is also found to be quite strange. The technology of Sonar Mapping (using sound waves) has been used by the scientists to understand the depth of the seafloor at various places in the triangle. Some unusual formations have been found. At various places from a gentle slope the seafloor takes a sudden deep drop. In fact, some of the deepest trenches in the world are found in this area. Ships or planes that sink into these deep trenches will probably never be found as they are virtually inaccessible.
One such area is at Bahamas which is located at the western corner of the triangle. It has been found that at some specific water areas here, the seafloor suddenly dips to an enormous depth of 15,000ft.
Scientists also speculate that there can be large deep ocean craters on the sea floor of Bermuda Triangle. This can be caused by large amount of oil leaks or bursting of Methane gas that were trapped at different layers below the sea floor. Such giant craters (about half a mile wide and 150ft deep) have already been discovered at Barent Sea off the coast of Norway in March 2016. Similar such deep ocean craters are likely to exist in Bermuda Triangle as well because the sea floor in the area is known to contain large amount of Methane gas. If a ship is wrecked due to Methane blow out or any other reason and drops into the crater, it can easily disappear without leaving any trace.
12. Human Error
Human mistakes can not be ruled out in this area. More so because the vast water area in Bermuda Triangle has so many islands that look so similar. It is easy to make a mistake confusing one with another. And in such confusion if the captain takes a wrong turn or direction, then he can slowly but surely get to such water area where it would be too late to turn back and reach a land to refuel. And then eventually it'll be a question of how long the ship can sustain the foul weather.
13. Supernatural Theories
There are also explanations based on some supernatural theories like the lost city of Atlantis, UFOs and Aliens. Check out Supernatural Theories
to know about such explanations that try to explain the disappearances.
14. Skeptic's Theory
And like in any other subject, there are skeptics and critics here who do not believe that Bermuda Triangle area has any mystery to be solved at all. They say there is nothing unusual about all these disappearances... it's nothing different from any other ocean area where such incidents also take place in similar numbers, and most can be explained with science or some logic.
Check out the Skeptics Theory
to find out what the skeptics of Bermuda Triangle have to say.
Strange magnetic fields from the bottom of the ocean causing compass to malfunction, pirates capturing ships, explosive cargo destroying vessels etc are also believed to be other causes. Another possibility is underwater earthquakes. Scientists have actually observed a great deal of seismic vibrations taking place in the Bermuda triangle area and under the seafloor.
1) Check out Bermuda Triangle Mystery
to know more about the mystery of Bermuda Triangle, amazing stories of planes and ship disappearing and how it has been solved.
Know of a triangle theory?
NOTE: I manually evaluate all posts and include only the ones that are original (not copy pasted from other sources) and having some serious matter. Unless the post adds further value to this article, I do not include them.
B Rader (March 2017)
Thanks for the updates- one of the creepiest books I read in the 70's was Richard Winners "The Devils Triangle" and this part of the Atlantic has always been fascinating. I guess what I don't understand given today's technology is how ships and planes are not fitted with Lo-Jack technology. If my car is stolen, the police will be able to pinpoint it's location in minutes- how is it possible, as in the Malaysian Flight that disappeared a few years ago, that commercial shipping and aircraft do not have the same locator technology? I would be most interested to hear anyone's explanation for this. Thank you very much.
Todd Rickey (October 2016)
Methane bubbles probably affect buoyancy to varying degrees, while there is more to consider regarding the methane budget. Most of it is in storage. Primarily, the cause of many phenomena there involves the outgassing of methane "ice" (clathrates) from the sea floor.
As you know, another name for much of the area is the "Sargasso Sea" due to thick mats and subsurface extents of sargasso seaweed (algae). Over millions of years, dead algal deposits accumulate and are buried along the continental shelf at varying depths. In this environment, plant material decomposes anaerobically (without oxygen).
The microbial anaerobes produce methane within the sedimentary deposits. Given the conditions of pressure and temperature there, water molecules arrange in a cage (Latin: clathrate) surrounding methane molecules. This results in a crystalline lattice of methane-water ice, stable in the submarine subsurface environment. Such deposits are also found below land surface in the Arctic permafrost.
When conditions occur that disturb this methane ice (seismicity, warming, turbidity flows), the water cage decomposes rapidly, while the natural gas explosively sublimates. Into lower pressure areas the expanding methane essentially explodes toward the surface. Given some source of ignition though, a chemical explosion would occur where enough oxygen is present.
Jason C H Tai
Watched a documentary on Bermuda triangle few days ago, seamed there are lots of lightning strikes in the area. What if massive lightning that strikes the sea/gulf stream brought massive amount of electrons that could not dissipate immediately. You have the gulf stream moving at 5 knots northwards, slow, but as a whole the pool of water could still constitute a massive charge. Can we apply the Right Hand Rule, i.e. a magnetic field generated? If so, the magnetic field and force could possibly be strong enough to wrack havoc.
Ok I have a theory. It's a little out there but here me out. Ok our government is very secretive and look at all of the things that have disappeared, almost 80 percent of them were either military ships or military aircraft. most people overlook that fact or say that it is coincidence but I think differently. Look at all of the things that our government hides from us, like for instance Area 51. There are many theories about it but no civilian has ever entered the facility. I believe that the government knows more about the Bermuda triangle than they tell us. It could be many things. It could be a worm hole or a portal. It could be a place where an alien race has settled or it could be a secret military base under or above water that contains things that could either cause panic or chaos in everyday life. The fact that all devices go crazy could be something as simple as a magnetic cloaking device to help conceal whatever is hidden. Call me crazy but think about it. The government gets away with anything even killing people. What makes you think they won't kill to protect something that secretive and important to them. What if they have made contact with another race?
What if they found some type of ancient portal. They have found pieces of the ancient city of Atlantis near the Bermuda triangle. I think the theories of the Sargasso sea and the electronic fog and the methane pockets are all cover ups framed by the government. I know this all sounds pretty off the wall but it's just a thought from myself after years of research. The only way to truly find out is a very simple answer involving a little hi tech technology. Build a vessel such as a boat with cameras, microphones and recording devices and send the ship into the triangle while anchoring it to a secondary vessel strong enough to pull the venturing vessel back to its original starting location. It may not work but it's worth a shot. Now if an average C student can come up with ideas like this how come our government and the scientist who work for our government haven't tried this or thought of it? That is something for you to think about. Well that's about all I have for now, if I get any other ideas, facts or thoughts on the great mystery of The Bermuda Triangle, I will be sure to post but until then thank you for your time and thank you for reading my article.