Bermuda Old State House
The old State House also known as the old Session House, is the oldest building in Bermuda built in 1620. It was also Bermuda's first building that was built with all lime stones. The building, located in St. George was earlier the parliament house where cabinet sessions were held regularly until 1815. The following year, Bermuda's capital was relocated to Hamilton city.
And the strange part is, this entire building was given away on a rent to Scottish Freemasons for a paltry amount of 1 peppercorn per year. Since then an elaborate Peppercorn Ceremony
is held in the historic town of St. George at King's Square to mark this occasion every year in late April.
Bermuda Old State House (The white building ahead)
Photo: Brendan Purdy, flickr
Turtle oil and lime have been used as mortars to bind the limestone blocks of the building. In 1620, the then Governor Nathaniel Butler thought that Bermuda enjoyed the same latitude as Italy and assumed that the island's climate too would be the same as Italy, and therefore the building should be of Italian architecture. His idea was to setup a trend for Bermudian home and building style.
As a result, this flat roofed building was built as the parliament house. Stones were used mainly because of fortifications. However in reality, Bermuda's weather and that of Italy differ vastly. There is a lot more rain fall in Bermuda. So the flat roof started becoming a big problem due to water clogging on the flat surface, which frequently resulted into water seepage through the porous limestone blocks.
Subsequent Bermudian buildings did not follow this flat roof architecture for obvious reasons. What became popular were the gabled limestone roofs that directed the rain water to the gutter and down into the water tanks. In Bermuda, there is scarcity of fresh water and therefore this is the only way most Bermudian families store water. And the limestone on the roofs act as filters to provide clean water.
10am – 2pm (Wednesdays only). Admission: Free
On the other days, you can only see from outside.
Location and Contacts
Visit the Tourist Map
to view the location and other attractions nearby.
King Street, St George, St George’s Parish
Phone: (441) 297-8043, (441) 296-8766
Buses to St. George's: #1, 3, 10, 11
By Raj Bhattacharya
Raj, a seasoned travel writer and Bermuda destination expert, has extensive global travel experience. This website reflects his profound insights, garnered over nearly two decades of dedicated findings and research on the island. Raj has assisted countless Bermuda-bound visitors by providing direct, personalized responses to their queries and imparting his wealth of knowledge through this platform. This site serves as an indispensable guide for those seeking informed and reliable insights into Bermuda's treasures.
1) Check out Bermuda Museums
for great museums and historical buildings in Bermuda.
3) Check out St George's Town
to know about the historical Town of St. George, its attractions, activities, restaurants, hotels and more.
4) Check out St. George's Parish
to know about the parish where the town of St. George is located and all its attractions and activities.
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